Mother of the groom depression

Jun 19, 2022 · The order for walking down the aisle is below: The Groom starts the ceremony by walking down the aisle (he can escort his mom if he’d like) The Bride’s Mother can walking down the aisle is she would like (someone special walk her down) Best Man paired with Maid/ Matron of Honor. In most cases, children who have overprotective parents tend to suffer from anxiety and depression as a result of their parents being controlling all over their business. 3. Lower Confidence Just like adults, children also gain their confidence by working hard towards their goals.The mother of a woman who was sent home by her husband for unfaithfulness was shamed and strangled herself. A man whose son stumbled in his initiation dance, not being able to finance a second winter ceremonial, was defeated and shot himself.It was a beautiful day. Let me share with you my style and etiquette tips for the mother of the groom. Pinterest. Today. Explore. When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Touch device users, explore by touch or with swipe gestures. ... Living With Depression. Ways To Relieve Stress. Still ...Sep 02, 2020 · If the groom’s mother, and her family and friends, don’t live near where the bridal shower will be held, the mother of the groom may host a shower in honor of her future daughter-in-law. The guest list can be limited to those who are local, but should also include the bride’s mother. 11. Plan and host the rehearsal dinner Poems for Moms. The bond that a child develops with his mother can never be severed. You grew as an organism inside her for nine months. She carried you and sustained you, sharing her sustenance with you through your umbilical cord. When you are born the cord is severed. It is never severed in her heart.Sep 02, 2020 · If the groom’s mother, and her family and friends, don’t live near where the bridal shower will be held, the mother of the groom may host a shower in honor of her future daughter-in-law. The guest list can be limited to those who are local, but should also include the bride’s mother. 11. Plan and host the rehearsal dinner May 29, 2018 · The 6 Things a Mother of the Bride Should NEVER Do. The MOB plays an important role in a couple's wedding. Be sure to follow good mother of the bride etiquette with this helpful list of wedding don'ts. Repeat as needed. Do not bathe your dog after she gives birth. But do gently clean her with a warm damp cloth. Wait a few weeks to give her a full-blown bath. Use a mild soap and rinse her thoroughly to prevent the puppies from coming into contact with any soap residue when they nurse. Your dog will leak fluids and tissues for up to eight weeks ...Sep 02, 2020 · If the groom’s mother, and her family and friends, don’t live near where the bridal shower will be held, the mother of the groom may host a shower in honor of her future daughter-in-law. The guest list can be limited to those who are local, but should also include the bride’s mother. 11. Plan and host the rehearsal dinner My suggestion is to watch both clips like two or three times and put down notes and ideas you want to incorporate into your final delivery. Mother of the Groom Rehearsal Dinner Speech Example# 1. Reception - Speech - Mother of the Groom. Watch on. Mother of the Groom Rehearsal Dinner Speech Example# 2. Lori Quinn's mother-of-the-groom speech at ... 2004 corvette z06 top speed Mother of the Bride garment dress. $1500. The average cost of custom-made wedding dresses - including couture and fabric - varies according to what style and fabric you choose to use: Without lace, beading or embellishments $2,500 - $3,000. With lace, beading and/or embellishments $3,500 (average)I planned both my son and daughter's wedding, but on the day of the wedding, I turned everything over to my two dear and trusted friends and was able to be present and enjoy the day and all the blessings. 3. Remind yourself that it is not your wedding. Don't get hung up on things you want or would like to include in the day.Your mother's pressure campaign and lack of respect for boundaries are concerning; this is very aggressive behavior. I'm glad your husband has put his foot down and that you're prepared to also cut...The mother of a woman who was sent home by her husband for unfaithfulness was shamed and strangled herself. A man whose son stumbled in his initiation dance, not being able to finance a second winter ceremonial, was defeated and shot himself.Sheath/Column V-neck Knee-Length Satin Mother of the Bride Dress With ... US$ 45.00 US$ 116.00 favor More Color Options » (89) 60 A-Line Scoop Neck Tea-Length Chiffon Lace Mother of the Bride Dress ... US$ 56.00 US$ 135.00 favor More Color Options » (51) 70 A-Line Scoop Neck Asymmetrical Chiffon Lace Mother of the Bride Dress US$ 56.00 US$ 194.00Can the groom's step-grandparents march down the aisle as part of the wedding procession? How can a cousin get ordained on the Internet to perform the ceremony? This witty, brass-tacks survival manual for the 21st-century mother of the bride provides sharp, sensible answers to these and myriad other questions. ...9. Know that most moms worry from time to time. Almost every mother I have talked to has said that she worries about her children. If your worries are interfering in your life or are ...Your son-in-law is one of the most important individuals in your life after your own child. And as a parent-in-law. It is your duty to continue a healthy and affable relationship with the husband of your daughter. Your son-in-law always supports your daughter and keeps her happy. Send him some appreciation message because he earns it. Page ContentsWhile Mom carried the burden of sharing a roof with her mother-in-law, Dad did his best to foster domestic tranquility. My father took in his in-laws when they became old and infirm, taking his turn changing his father-in-law's diapers. He and Mom took in his elderly sister when she neared the end.You may find that no matter what you do, you never truly feel like you have earned your mother's approval. 6. She Hurts You With Her Words or Actions A toxic mother may say or do things without thinking about how they will affect her children. She may be so focused on her own needs, that she is unable to acknowledge how her behavior makes you feel.I would like any color except orange, the groom admitted. The bride smiled, knowing one thing for sure. He was flexible, and open minded, and he would love orange. All she had to do was put it in the right places, in the right way. She brought his mother a gorgeous orange flower arrangement. My favorite color is orange! His mother said. The ...Nov 25, 2019 · 8. Dance with your son. One of the most important and traditional duties of the groom’s mother is the mother-son dance, which is also the special part of the wedding day for mom and son. You can choose the song with your son together, and practice the dance ahead of the wedding. Both you and your son will naturally be excited while planning ... Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother. Great Depression. The Great Depression, which lasted from 1929 to 1941, was characterized in both the Philadelphia region and the nation by a severe contraction in all levels of economic activity, massive unemployment, widespread bank failures, and sharp price deflation. Many people lost their life savings and ...Sep 13, 2022 · Weddings are emotional events. Feel free to smile, laugh, and cry. Don’t hold back. It’s very much appropriate to emote while you deliver the mother of the groom’s speech. Mother Of The Groom Speech Template. There are a few speech styles to consider. These mother-of-the-groom speech templates provide guidance for the 3 most common scenarios. tekken 7 controller In a typical Christian wedding, the mother of the bride should be seated in the first pew directly before the ceremony, and she leaves the church or chapel first afterward. At the reception, the...Worldwide luxury brand designed in London. Chi Chi offers a variety of dresses, clothing & kids wear that embody the vision that fashion is for everyone.It was a beautiful day. Let me share with you my style and etiquette tips for the mother of the groom. Pinterest. Today. Explore. When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Touch device users, explore by touch or with swipe gestures. ... Living With Depression. Ways To Relieve Stress. Still ...In the year following childbirth, women experience depression at a rate of 13%. 1 The risk of developing perinatal depression is higher for a woman who has a history of depression. Rates of maternal depression are also high among mothers living in poverty. Among low-income mothers with infants, 11% experience severe depression and 41% have some form of depression. 2. If you are, or will be, a mother-of-the-groom, you may experience similar things: Family dinners will be dominated by "weddingspeak." Sure, you might discuss current life, but that life will be mostly trivialities (not really trivial, but compared to the wedding, they become so). People will constantly ask, "Are you stressed?"The best indication that the delusional client's psychotic symptoms have improved include: Recognition that the delusions were false ideas. The Psychiatric Technician will be alert when a client is having command hallucinations because these hallucinations: May lead to aggressive acts directed to self or others.In most cases, children who have overprotective parents tend to suffer from anxiety and depression as a result of their parents being controlling all over their business. 3. Lower Confidence Just like adults, children also gain their confidence by working hard towards their goals.A refusal to meet the minimum standards/expectations in a culture is typically found in individuals with personality or mental health issues. In your husband's case, his approach is very immature and clearly oppositional and passive-aggressive. He has developed a high tolerance for substandard personal hygiene, aggressively resists any ... roadworks visor installation Aug 24, 2022 · Best for a Semi-Formal Wedding: Adrianna Papell Plus Size Hand-Beaded Midi-Dress With Flutter Sleeves in Rose Gold. Courtesy of Adrianna Papell. View On Adriannapapell.com. Runs: True to Size ... Mar 19, 2017 · Below are several examples of speeches for a Mother of the Groom. These speech examples can be used as inspiration for the speech that you will give at your son’s wedding. Mother Of The Groom Speech Examples. 1. [Groom,] my son, I love you so much. On your wedding day, I am overcome with so many happy emotions: love, gratitude, excitement ... Vintage MID CENTURY MODERN Porky Pig Ceramic Piggy BANK Made In USA-6.5" TALL. Ships to you. $15. Vintage Vanity Fair Mary Dunbar China Cake Plate. Davisburg, MI. $6. Amber Cabbage Rose 8 inch Depression Glass serving bowl in Excellent condition. Ships to you. $4.An insider claimed that Nicola was offended when singer and guest at the nuptials, Marc Anthony, gave a gushing speech in honour of the mother of the groom. Meanwhile, another source said that Nicola actually left the reception "crying her eyes out" when Victoria stole her first dance song with Brooklyn and requested her own mother-son dance.On that note, here are some mother of the groom dress ideas and casual mother of the bride dresses for outdoor summer weddings to inspire you: 1. Knee-length Lace Dress. A knee-length lace dress in a candy-colored hue with a modest neckline is an excellent dress option. You can customize some features, such as the sleeves, to keep up with the.1. Take no shortcuts in the intake process. Get a broad anthropological/cultural view of the person while conducting a careful search for symptoms and signs of depression and/or suicidal ideation and plans. The cultural context and support system have a telling influence on suicidal potential. 2.A mother cat will only eat her kitten when she is sure that they are dead. That means she will often leave the body alone for hours, just in case the kitten revives. The reason that a mother cat will eat the kitten is twofold. The first reason has to do with survival for her and the rest of the kittens. By eating the newborn, a mother cat will ...The father of the groom is not expected to make a speech - it's the best man's job to speak about your son and to "introduce him" to the bride's family. However, fathers of the groom do sometimes break with convention, particularly if they are paying for part of the wedding and therefore a "co-host". If you want to do this it is ...The realization that your mother or father is a sociopath can be extremely difficult and painful. Accepting that your parent is a narcissist is hard enough, but a sociopathic parent is on a whole... upvc canary breeding cages A Letter for Your Future Son-In-Law. T here's a letter you need to be prepping in your mind, no matter how old your daughter is. Whether she is years, months, weeks, or days away from getting married, you are going to want to clearly communicate some key things to the man who will become her husband. And I think a letter is a great way to do it.Kristy Ross, mother of three young boys, created Wondermums to dish out advice after her own experience with post-natal depression. "You don't have to struggle along and just survive motherhood ...You may find that no matter what you do, you never truly feel like you have earned your mother's approval. 6. She Hurts You With Her Words or Actions A toxic mother may say or do things without thinking about how they will affect her children. She may be so focused on her own needs, that she is unable to acknowledge how her behavior makes you feel.LEMBERG: We would like to call on the Mother of the Groom, Mrs. Josefina Padica to say a few words of wisdom and best wishes to the newly wed. Male: Thank you so much Madam for that inspiring message. KIMMIE: And now we would like to call on the Mother of the Bride, Mrs. Virgilia Manzanades to give an inspirational talk to the newly wed.The mother of the groom can then get a dress that complements the mother of the bride dress on the wedding day. Keep in mind that the two moms do not have to dress identical at all—the two dresses just have to be complementary, so they don't clash with each other, the wedding theme, or the bridesmaid dresses. Stepmom is a 1998 comedy-drama film directed by Chris Columbus and starring Julia Roberts, Susan Sarandon, and Ed Harris.The film was successful.Sarandon won the San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actress and Harris won the National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor 7. Cheaper by the Dozen (2003)This is the tragic real-life story of Lil Peep. Lil Peep's rejection of the box As a teenager in Long Beach, N.Y., Lil Peep noticed a rift between the wealthy and the poor in his community. At the...Nov 25, 2019 · 8. Dance with your son. One of the most important and traditional duties of the groom’s mother is the mother-son dance, which is also the special part of the wedding day for mom and son. You can choose the song with your son together, and practice the dance ahead of the wedding. Both you and your son will naturally be excited while planning ... Recent Articles. A Levels Online in an ever-changing world! June 23, 2021; Opt For Preventive Care To Reduce The Cost of Healthcare June 13, 2021; Kermit Highfield (Louisville KY) - Importance of Popcorn's Popping Process Explained June 13, 2021; How Jazz Influenced Pop Music of Today June 12, 2021; Why You Should Rethink About Junk Removal Services June 11, 2021The mother of the groom can definitely tend to feel a little left out, especially if her son isn't particularly keen on being involved in the decision-making processes in the steps leading to getting married. However, his parents are excited too - even more so if the groom is their first-born child or they don't have any daughters. lose 30 pounds in 60 days redditueransim handoverPublished: May 2008. My little girl, don't cry for me. I'll be right by your side. I'd never miss out on this day. that you become a bride. I'm here with you to hold your hand. and give your heart away. to a man God chose to take care of you. forever from this day.Reddit users are shaming a mother of the groom for wearing a bridal gown to her son's wedding in a seemingly obvious attempt to pull focus from the bride The mother of the groom's dress is...Answer (1 of 4): Please note that everything below is taken from my e book, Before You Say 'I Do'. Hope this helps! HERE ARE THE MAJOR DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE WEDDING PARTY • Be a good friend and listener to the Bride & Groom throughout their wedding planning, wedding day and weekend....Ask for her opinion. Make sure your fiancé asks his parents for their opinion on wedding-related things such as his groom's attire or wedding ring. You can also ask for the mother of the groom's advice on other wedding-related items that you feel comfortable with as her future daughter-in-law. Whether want her opinion on a fabric for the ... Walking down the aisle is an important part of what a dad does at his daughter's wedding. But there is much, much more a father can do to make the wedding a positive and memorable experience. The Wedding Reception and After. As the father of the bride, the wedding reception is the reward after all the work associated with the wedding itself.Published: May 2008. My little girl, don't cry for me. I'll be right by your side. I'd never miss out on this day. that you become a bride. I'm here with you to hold your hand. and give your heart away. to a man God chose to take care of you. forever from this day.As the mother of the bride or groom you maybe a little bit worried, very busy, stressed, confused, or anxious. Most likely you will feel something that you may not have necessarily expected and you may be surprised by the strength of your feeling. You may even wonder whether you are the only one who has these mixed feelings.Materials: mum wedding gift, mother of groom Description ... Depression awareness bracelet, strength bracelet, healing bracelet, inspirational bracelet, heart bracelet, mental health, self love ad by TheWishGift Ad from shop TheWishGift TheWishGift From shop TheWishGift $ 6.38. Add to Favorites ...John Steinbeck gave Route 66 its name The Mother Road in the Grapes of Wrath. During the Great Depression, Route 66 was filled with people dreaming of a better life in the West as they escaped the drought stricken southern plains known as the Dust Bowl. ... Keep an eye out for the leaning water tower in Groom; Stop in at Amarillo to see the ...At the "tulba," the groom, alongside with his family members, ask the bride, with her family by her side, for her hand in marriage. The families then officially acknowledge that the two shall marry. Engagement Soon after the "tulba," the couple becomes engaged. They become officially engaged once they have a small ceremony conducted by a priest. ferris is700z problems "As mother of the bride, your daughter will be looking to you often for a second opinion and as a voice of reason," explains Amy Katz of Amy Katz Events in New York, New York. "In these moments, it's important to remember that the decisions are not about you, but rather your daughter."The close family ties and dependencies valued so highly in Korea might seem unhealthy to us; we think a child's sense of autonomy necessary to mental health. To Koreans such autonomy is not a virtue. "A life in which egos are all autonomous,separate, discrete and self-sufficient [is] too cold, impersonal,lonely and inhuman."This weekend sees my eldest son get married. Our first born, that was once so tiny. Now a man who has his own family, this weekend they make the ultimate commitment.Mother of the Groom Speeches 2 SPEECH TEMPLATE 1 Good evening ladies and gentlemen. On behalf of my husband [NAME] and I, I would like to thank you all for coming here today to support our son [GROOM] and his beautiful new wife [BRIDE] on the day of their wedding. I’m not the best public speaker in the world, when you have as many children as we 12. In Scotland, the bride's mother may invite the wedding guests to her house to.....off all the wedding gifts. A. show B. turn C. put D. get 13. On the wedding day, the best man is expected to help the..... A. bride B. groom C. guest D. bridesmaid 14. In the past, the.....and engagement ceremonies took place one or two years before the wedding.Shop for mother+of+the+groom+dresses at Nordstrom.com. Free Shipping. Free Returns. All the time. Perth Sheriff Court was told that until her marriage she'd led a full life, but after the wedding her husband's long hours had caused her to spiral into depression and alcoholism. While this... chester county homicide In most cases, children who have overprotective parents tend to suffer from anxiety and depression as a result of their parents being controlling all over their business. 3. Lower Confidence Just like adults, children also gain their confidence by working hard towards their goals.A lot of people think of postpartum depression as something that exclusively affects the person who gives birth, but it can affect their partners as well. Adam opened up about his struggles with depression after Danielle had the quints. Adam explained his decision to go public with his depression, telling People that he wanted to raise ...1. The groomsmen should match the groom in the level of formality. If the groom wears a suit, then so do the groomsmen. Wearing vests and/or suspenders without a jacket is never proper, but you can do it if you really want to. I am guessing that when you look at our wedding photos in 25 years, you will regret this choice. 2.mother1 1. a. a female who has given birth to offspring b. (as modifier): a mother bird 2. a title given to certain members of female religious orders 3. Christian Science God as the eternal Principle mother2 a stringy slime containing various bacteria that forms on the surface of liquids undergoing acetous fermentation. It can be added to wine, cider ...One mother-of-the-groom decided to ignore the 'no gown' rule and opted for a sparkly number from John Lewis. Posting a review on the site, she explained how she had been inundated with compliments...John 19:25-27 ESV / 31 helpful votesNot Helpful. But standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, "Woman, behold, your son!". Then he said to the disciple, "Behold, your ...The gold pig necklace is probably the most common Chinese jewelry gift for the bride. It is usually decorated with a "double happiness" symbol or a dragon and phoenix. The gold pig necklace symbolizes fortune and fertility. It is believed that the bigger the golden pig is, the more affluent the newlyweds will be. 3.The Mother of the Bride trips over a chair; Smoking guest burns artificial grass with cigar; ... the groom and their immediate families and attendants, to reassemble for the wedding pictures to be retaken. ... people experience clinical depression. Did you know in the event of a canceled wedding, our Professional Counseling coverage pays for ...Browse 1,360 tears of joy stock photos and images available, or search for woman tears of joy or man tears of joy to find more great stock photos and pictures. Puffy eyes. Emotional portrait of beautiful brunette. Tears of happiness. Depression, sadness, loneliness.A fantastic jewelry set designed by Dina celebrates the beauty of the Andean highlands. Complementing any outfit, the jewelry set features a suave necklace strung with black ceramic beads. The... read more. (107) $57.99 $49.29. Artist: Dina.a clinging, fearful boy who was somewhat clumsy and compulsively clean, was not permitted to roam the neighborhood because of his mother's constant fear that he might be injured by the "rough" neighborhood boys. His mother also protected him against any anger from his large, imposing father who slept days and worked nights.Christina Aguilera's "Oh Mother" ventures into riskier territory, dealing with her own memories of growing up with an abusive father. It celebrates her mother having the strength to walk out after...Groom - Immaculate Heart of Mary. Gruver - Cristo Redentor. Happy - Holy Name Church of Jesus ... Wellington - Our Mother of Mercy. Tulia - Church of the Holy Spirit. Wheeler - St. Mary's. ... Depression. YM Spiritual Growth. ACTS Retreats. Virtual Catholic Conference. Youth Ministry Training. NFCYM Webinar. CI Webinars.The mother of the bride would bring her the bread or an ear of corn, and another blanket. These two blankets could be any color but white, but were usually blue. They represented each individual's aloneness,their old ways of weakness, sorrow, failures and spiritual depression.Alizée Thevenet "fell in love" with mother-in-law Carole Middleton's 1980 gown after trying it on during lockdown. ... and the 32-year-old bride honoured her groom's family by wearing the same off-the-shoulder gown that his mother had donned on her own wedding day in 1980. ... Zac Efron said he "fell into a pretty bad depression" as a result ... fehb phone numberA refusal to meet the minimum standards/expectations in a culture is typically found in individuals with personality or mental health issues. In your husband's case, his approach is very immature and clearly oppositional and passive-aggressive. He has developed a high tolerance for substandard personal hygiene, aggressively resists any ...Published: May 2008. My little girl, don't cry for me. I'll be right by your side. I'd never miss out on this day. that you become a bride. I'm here with you to hold your hand. and give your heart away. to a man God chose to take care of you. forever from this day.Just use your fingers to comb locks back and use a colorful scrunchie to secure hair above the neck. 10. Smooth Low Bun. source. This low bun hairstyle is a great look for those fancy occasions where you need a classy, soft look. Secure your bun with a pretty ribbon in matching colors. 11. Messy Low Double Bun.Vintage MID CENTURY MODERN Porky Pig Ceramic Piggy BANK Made In USA-6.5" TALL. Ships to you. $15. Vintage Vanity Fair Mary Dunbar China Cake Plate. Davisburg, MI. $6. Amber Cabbage Rose 8 inch Depression Glass serving bowl in Excellent condition. Ships to you. $4.Jun 29, 2022 · The mother-of-the-groom dance is one of the many highlights of a wedding reception. It’s a time when the groom gets to honor his mother (or any mother figure in his life) with a special dance, creating a memorable moment that stays with them for life. For this reason, choosing the right song is important in making the dance stand out. treasure hunt deals rockford reviewsThe mother of the groom can definitely tend to feel a little left out, especially if her son isn't particularly keen on being involved in the decision-making processes in the steps leading to getting married. However, his parents are excited too - even more so if the groom is their first-born child or they don't have any daughters.mother [moth´er] a female parent. With techniques of assisted fertility, three types of mother can be defined: (1) genetic, (2) gestational, and (3) social. A woman may be one, two, or all three types of mother to a child. genetic mother a woman whose contribution to the child was the ovum, and hence genes. gestational mother a woman whose uterus was ...5% Off for New Customers. Daily Updates. Fast Shipping √ Worry-Free Return √ 24/7 Online Service. Quick & Secure Checkout. Discover Great Savings & Perfect Look of Mother of the Bride Dresses at JJ's House Today!Iris, the last of five children, arrived during the Depression Years. At two years old her father died and her family were thrust into hard times. Her brothers and sisters were sent out to work as soon as they were old enough. There was no government assistance for widows in those days. On eve of World War Two she left school to work too.A fantastic jewelry set designed by Dina celebrates the beauty of the Andean highlands. Complementing any outfit, the jewelry set features a suave necklace strung with black ceramic beads. The... read more. (107) $57.99 $49.29. Artist: Dina.Sep 13, 2022 · Weddings are emotional events. Feel free to smile, laugh, and cry. Don’t hold back. It’s very much appropriate to emote while you deliver the mother of the groom’s speech. Mother Of The Groom Speech Template. There are a few speech styles to consider. These mother-of-the-groom speech templates provide guidance for the 3 most common scenarios. St. Eugene de Mazenod. Charles Joseph Eugène de Mazenod was born in Aix-en-Provence in France in 1782, the son of a wealthy aristocratic parents. His father Charles Antoine de Mazenod, a member of the French nobility was the President of the Aix Parliament. His mother Marie-Rose Joannis, a member of the rapidly evolving bourgeois merchants ...One of the most destructive things that jealous moms do comes between their daughters and their dads. According to psychologist Dr. Nikki Martinez, this is caused by a mom's low self-esteem. Her insecurity leads her to become territorial about her husband. She doesn't want to share him with anyone, even his own flesh and blood.Mother of the Groom Zipper Bag finished size: 6.9″ x 5″ (175 mm x 128 mm) 11336 stitches; Keychain: One keychain in a 4×4; 3 keychains color sorted in a 5×7 hoop; A pdf with detailed instructions for how to assemble the keychains. Single keychain finished size: 4.3″ x 1.7″ (109 mm x 42 mm) 4689 stitches; Instant download after purchase!. brothers bond bourbon memphis tn xa